Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Hitchens vs Blair debate Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Hitchens versus Blair banter - Essay Example Hitchens thought that it was anything but difficult to make solid contentions concerning a wide scope of terrible things that people have done for the sake of religion, and he in certainty didn't think that its hard to clarify how religion, which is viewed as acceptable, has accomplished more mischief not exclusively to people in the general public, yet additionally to the world too. In front of an audience, Hitchens raised exceptionally relevant focuses a significant number of which neutralized Blair’s contentions. Among the most conspicuous articulations that he made is that â€Å"religion powers decent individuals to do harsh things ... furthermore, to do dumb things. Hitchens offered this expression in an offer to underscore the way that religion is among the most heartbreaking organizations on the planet since it has regularly been the wellspring of contention. Notwithstanding this announcement, he likewise made a go at circumcision, which he considers to be an infringem ent of human rights, since it includes the mutilation of the human body. Hitchens snidely states, If it's not too much trouble pass me that sharp stone for its genitalia so I may accomplish crafted by the Lord (CSPANJUNKIEd0Torg) A significant purpose of contention in the discussion concerned the selectiveness of religion, on which Hitchens states that it had consistently struck him as unusual that there ought to be an exceptional church for English individuals. His contention inferred that religion in itself was a disruptive factor on the planet, and that the world would most likely capacity better without it. Because of Hitchens’ contrasting religion with the North Korean system where God is viewed as like the North Korean ruler, Blair expressed that he didn't believe the pioneer of North Korea to be a strict symbol. Blair appears to have yielded some ground to Hitchens’ contention by expressing that it was without a doubt genuine that there were individuals who had since the beginning submitted appalling acts for the sake of religion. Blair goes on to rapidly express that while this may be the situation, it is likewise evident that some strict individuals additionally do beneficial things, giving the case of how Christians and dynamic secularists functioned connected at the hip to guarantee the nullification of servitude (CSPANJUNKIEd0Torg). Blair addresses whether Hitchens is after a world that it without religions, going further to give models from the twentieth century who had no religion. He gives the case of Hitler, Stalin, and Pol Pot, who carried out incredible monstrosities against their kin on account of the way that they didn't have religion, consequently did not have an inner voice. Blair proceeds to express that on the off chance that religion is disposed of, at that point â€Å"you're not going to dispose of one party rule, and you're not going to dispose of wrong on the planet. It is Blair’s conviction that the absence of religion on the planet would be tragic on the grounds that it would be a wellspring of unspeakable wickedness that may prompt abominations. Hitchens then again, feels that religion is an abusive power which ought not be permitted to proceed on the grounds that to do so is annihilate the opportunities which are the common right of every single individual (CSPANJUNKIEd0Torg). All through the discussion, one would express that Hitchens had the compassion of the vast majority of the crowd and this may have been because of his terminal condition. Blair, then again, appears to have been less mighty with his contention, maybe in light of his compassion toward his rival’s condition. While this may have been

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Change Managment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words

Change Managment - Essay Example As the conversation declaresâ managers today face consistent change and they are regularly presented to different difficulties. Against this foundation, this paper has been intended to basically break down the degree to which the ideas of the board and initiative effect on the change procedure in a given organization. This paper features thatâ change is either impromptu or arranged adjustment in the method of doing exercises or business as usual. Change is tied in with making things diversely and if there should arise an occurrence of arranged change, it very well may be seen that the change exercises are objective situated and they are deliberate. Both inside and outer variables can require change in a specific association. The inner components that can impact change in an association incorporate HR issues while outside variables incorporate financial, social, political just as innovative issues.â It is significant for associations to conceptualize change as the hole that exis ts between the present business as usual and the ideal target. So as to accomplish this accomplishment, change must be appropriately arranged and there are numerous issues that are engaged with doing this activity. Drawing from the case given in patch1 appended, it very well may be seen that overseeing change is a procedure that requires deliberate endeavors particularly by the pioneers liable for the change process. There are a lot of exercises that are engaged with change the board, for example, starting change, arranging, activity plan just as settling the change results.

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

Book Riots Deals of the Day for October 2nd, 2018

Book Riots Deals of the Day for October 2nd, 2018 Sponsored by Fierce Reads and Renegades by Marissa Meyer Todays Featured Deals The Book of M by Peng Shepherd for $1.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Buttermilk Graffiti by Edward Lee for $2.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Saga Volume 1 by Brian Vaughan and Fiona Staples for $3.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. In Case You Missed Yesterdays Most Popular Deals The Book Thief by Markus Zusak for $2.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Truly Madly Guilty by Liane Moriarty for $3.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Previous daily deals that are still active (as of this writing at least). Get em while theyre hot. The Leavers by Lisa Ko for $3.99 Magpie Murders by Anthony Horowitz for $2.99 Prime Meridian by Silvia Moreno-Garcia for $0.99 Anne Of Green Gables Collection by Lucy Maud Montgomery for $0.99 Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches by Audre Lorde for $1.99 White Trash by Nancy Isenberg for $1.99 Swing Time by Zadie Smith for $1.99 Strangers in Their Own Land by Arlie Russell Hochschild for $2.99 Crooked Letter, Crooked Letter by Tom Franklin for $1.99 Unmasked by the Marquess by Cat Sebastian for $0.99 The Left Hand of Darkness by Ursula K. Le Guin for $1.99 Behold the Dreamers by Imbolo Mbue for $2.99 Gods, Monsters, and the Lucky Peach by Kelly Robson for $3.99 Jade City by Fonda Lee for $2.99 The Bone Clocks by David Mitchell for $2.99 Undeniable by Bill Nye for $2.99 Ida: A Sword Among Lions by Paula J. Giddings for $2.99 Off Base by Annabeth Albert for $1.99 Among the Mad by Jacqueline Winspear for $3.99 The Princess Bride by William Goldman for $3.49 Smoke and Pickles by Edward Lee for $2.99 Will It Waffle?: 53 Irresistible and Unexpected Recipes to Make in a Waffle Iron by Daniel Shumski for $1.99 Servant of the Underworld (Obsidian and Blood Book 1) by Aliette de Bodard for $0.99 The Girl of Fire and Thorns by Rae Carson for $3.99 The Ballad of Black Tom by Victor LaValle for $3.99 The Missing File by D. A. Mishani for $1.99 The Storytellers Secret by Sejal Badani for $4.99 Dragonflight: Volume I in The Dragonriders of Pern by Anne McCaffrey for $2.99 The Traitor Baru Cormorant by Seth Dickinson for $2.99 A Curious Beginning by Deanna Raybourn for $2.99 The Inexplicable Logic of My Life by Benjamin Alire Sáenz for $2.99 Lady Bridgets Diary by Maya Rodale for $1.99 Infomocracy by Malka Older for $2.99 The Witchs Daughter by Paula Brackston for $2.99 Let the Right One In by John Ajvide Lindqvist for $2.99 No One Is Coming to Save Us by Stephanie Powell Watts for $1.99 The City of Brass by S. A. Chakraborty for $1.99 Mules and Men by Zora Neale Hurston for $1.99 I Contain Multitudes by Ed Yong for $2.99 A Gentlemans Position by KJ Charles for $4.99 American Street by Ibi Zoboi for $1.99 Carve the Mark by Veronia Roth for $1.99 The Gentlemans Guide to Vice and Virtue by Mackenzi Lee for $1.99 The Black Gods Drums by P. Djèlí Clark for $3.99 George by Alex Gino for $3.99 The Meg by Steve Alten for $4.99 Happy Dreams by Jia Pingwa, translated by Nicky Harman for $3.99 My Soul to Keep (African Immortals series) by Tananarive Due for $3.99 Strange Practice (A Dr. Greta Helsing Novel) by Vivian Shaw for $2.99 The Duchess Deal: Girl Meets Duke by Tessa Dare for $1.99 Trail of Broken Wings by Sejal Badani for $4.49 The Son of the Dawn by Cassandra Clare and Sarah Rees Brennan for $1.49 Destinys Captive by Beverly Jenkins for $1.99 Olive Kitteridge by Elizabeth Strout for $2.99 The Black Tides of Heaven by JY Yang for $3.99 Howls Moving Castle by Diana Wynne Jones for $3.99 Binti, Binti: Home, and Binti: The Night Masquerade by Nnedi Okorafor for $3.99 A Rogue By Any Other Name by Sarah MacLean for $1.99 Half-Resurrection Blues by Daniel José Older for $2.99 His Majesty’s Dragon by Naomi Novik for $2.99 Assassin’s Apprentice (The Farseer Trilogy, Book 1) by Robin Hobb for $2.99 Outlander: A Novel (Outlander, Book 1) by Diana Gabaldon for $3.99 The Invisible Library by Genevieve Cogman for $2.99 The Ruin of a Rake by Cat Sebastian for $2.99 The Price of Salt by Patricia Highsmith for $0.99 Sign up for our Book Deals newsletter and get up to 80% off books you actually want to read.

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Use of Sensory Imagery in The Rime of the Ancient...

In The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Samuel Coleridge writes of a sailor bringing a tale to life as he speaks to a wedding guest. An ancient Mariner tells of his brutal journey through the Pacific Ocean to the South Pole. Coleridge suffers from loneliness, because of his lifelong need for love and livelihood; similarly, during the Mariner’s tale, his loneliness shows when he becomes alone at sea, because of the loss of his crew. Having a disastrous dependence to opium and laudanum, Coleridge, in partnership with Wordsworth, writes this complicated, difficult to understand, yet appealing poem, which becomes the first poem in the 1798 edition of Lyrical Ballads. The Mariner’s frame of mind flip-flops throughout the literary ballad, a†¦show more content†¦Originally aiming to land somewhere on the equator, the Mariner’s ship lands in the South Pole, because of a strong breeze from a storm-blast; the Mariner states in his tale that the wind is â€Å"tyrannou s and strong.† Though suffering a dreadful drought, the Mariner receives the blessing of the cool, wet rain as it pours down. As the Mariner takes in the rain, he begins to think of his crew, who are all dead. The drop of the shipmates, the cracking of ice, and the roaring of the wind all appeal to the sense of hearing, while the Mariner rants his tale. As the ancient Mariner’s crew a;; die, he fails to hear a groan as they drop one by one; however, the sailor hears the thump of the bodies as, separately, they collide with the deck of the ship. The ice cracks, growls, roars, and howls as the crew travel through it; Coleridge writes that the ice is â€Å"like noises in a swound.† †And soon I hear a roaring wind,† states the Mariner during his tale; Coleridge also writes that â€Å"the upper air burst into life,† which causes the crew to hear a strong breeze. Using the sense of feeling, Coleridge writes about the drop of the shipmates, the cracking of the ice, and the roaring of the wind. Using the senses of seeing, feeling, and hearing in The Rise of the Ancient Mariner, Samuel Coleridge demonstrates the use of many sensory details. The appearance of the Ancient Mariner, the Nightmare Life-inShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Poem The Rime Of The Ancient Mariner 948 Words   |  4 Pagesthe Slave Trade†, presents an important reflection on the cruelty of the slave trade and appoints Christian values as a means towards redemption. Southey s poem seems to have been inspired by Samuel T Coleridge s â€Å"The Rime of the Ancient Mariner†, however, his focus in the poem shifts away from vivid imagery into a thought provoking tale of the Middle Passage. The poem focuses on two men. One man is called the Stranger and the other is named the Sailor. Southey utilizes capitalization in order toRead MoreHeavy Metal Music7270 Words   |  30 Pagesemployed in other forms of rock music. In live performance,  loudness—an onslaught of sound, in sociologist Deena Weinsteins description—is considered vital.  In his bookMetalheads, psychologist Jeffrey Arnett refers to heavy metal concerts as the sensory equivalent of war. Following the lead set by  Jimi Hendrix,  Cream  and  The Who, early heavy metal acts such as  Blue Cheer  set new benchmarks for volume. As Blue Cheers  Dick Peterson put it, All we knew was we wanted more power.A 1977 review of a

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Fashion Marketing - 1282 Words

Introduction: Topshop is a British chain of clothing stores that operates in more than 20 countries. It is part of the Arcadia Group, which also owns a number of other retail outlets including Burton, Dorothy Perkins, Miss Selfridge and Wallis. Topshop is one of the leading fashion stores on the high street market and is very popular amongst teenagers and the younger generation. Topshop has a very wide range of products which vary from dresses and footwear, to casual wear, jeans and tops. Topshop also has a range of underwear, beachwear, pajamas, handbags and accessories. Topshop’s range is mainly aimed at teenagers, students, and young people in their 20 s and early 30 s. The general style of clothes is highly fashionable,†¦show more content†¦Some of the groups of segmentation that Topshop might use are geographical, demographic, psychographic and behaviouristic segmentation (also known as consumer profile). There are different reasons that business need to segment their markets carefully, this is because customers vary, so creating various segments will provide customers with better solutions. It can bring better opportunities and growth for the business. The key thing that Topshop to do is find the variable, or variables that split the market into segments. There are two types of variables: †¢ Needs †¢ Profilers The need for segmenting a market is customer needs. To achieve this market research is needed. Profilers are measurable, discriptive customer characteristics like; age , gender, income etc. Geographical segmentation: †¢ Region of the country †¢ Urban or rural (location) Demographical segmentation †¢ Age, sex, family size †¢ Income, occupation, education †¢ Religion, race, nationality Psychographic segmentation †¢ Social class †¢ Lifestyle type †¢ Personality type Behavioural segmentation †¢ Product useage e.g light, medium, heavey users †¢ Brand loyalty: none, medium, high †¢ Type of user (occasionally, a lot.) (www.tutor2u.net/business/marketorientation) Buyer behaviour. An important part of the marketing process is to understand why a customer makes a purchase. The business will find it hard to respond to customers needs and wants without thisShow MoreRelatedMarketing And Advertising Of Fashion Marketing Essay1413 Words   |  6 PagesToday, marketing and advertising play a critical role in the fashion industry; they are various activities involved in building consumer relationships and stimulating consumer purchases by satisfying their needs. The primary goal of fashion marketing is evident: supplying the right merchandise, to the right customers, at the right time, in the right place. Often confused as marketing, Advertising is a subset of marketing; it is a single component of promotion in the marketing mix. The process ofRead MoreFashion Nova Marketing Strategy1958 Words   |  8 Pagesmake profit or fail? These questions arise even more when the company is to start only online. Because of this, e-commerce fashion brands must constantly evolv e and expand their styles to maintain the interest of their target customers. Fashion Nova is one fashion brand that manages to stay relevant among its consumers because of their edgy style and quality priced clothing. Fashion Nova was first established in 2010. It gained its popularity from celebrities promoting it on their social media platformsRead MoreMarketing Of Online Shopping For Fashion1306 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Online shopping for fashion started off well in South Korea due to the convenience and comfort of home, especially for young women. The fashion market in South korea is saturated with fast fashion at affordable pricing. Soo-Hee Kim, founder of StyleNanda, saw the chance to provide vibrant and unique fashion clothing to young women, thus StyleNanda started out online in 2005. A) Business market of StyleNanda Customer base: Demographics The age range of StyleNanda’s customer baseRead MoreFashion Marketing17446 Words   |  70 PagesLONDON COLLEGE OF FASHION - Graduate Certificate in Fashion Marketing TERM UNIT ASSIGNMENT TITLE CREDIT RATING LEVEL STAFF RESPONSIBLE TIME FRAME Spring The Context of Fashion Essay Ten credits H3 Dr Wessie Ling Issue date: week commencing 13.03.06 Hand in to School Office (Room 322 Davies Street) no later than 12.00pm on Mon, 24 April 2006. Attn: to Dr Wessie Ling. Essay are bound, marked with students’ names, and all pages are numbered. Choose from one of the following essay titles: - ConspicuousRead MoreThe Fashion Channel - Marketing962 Words   |  4 PagesCase Study # 2: The Fashion Channel Overview This document presents information about the conclusions that can be drawn from the consumer and market data based on ‘The Fashion Channel’ case study information (Stahl, 2007). In addition we will also look into the various pros and cons of the segmentation options for the Fashion Channel to increase their revenue stream. Analyzing the Data The Fashion Channel (TFC) wasRead MoreFashion Marketing And Its Impact On Consumer s Design Preferences Essay2152 Words   |  9 PagesThe concept of marketing is the action or business of bringing or sending a product or commodity to the market. (Oxford English Dictionary) Fashion Marketing differs from the marketing of other goods because of the uniqueness of the merchandise. â€Å"According to the Parson’s School of Design, fashion marketing is the process of analyzing, developing, and marketing current fashion trends into sales strategies.† (IJMBT) In fashion marketing, consumers are the creators by virtue of their adoption and rejectionRead MoreMarketing Strategy Of The Fashion Channel2729 Words   |  11 PagesThe Fashion Channel is a cable TV network that exclusively offers programs for a fashion-oriented audience. Initially, TFC was able to grow without any targeted segmentation or detailed branding strategy. TCF is still the only fashion channel but channels such as CNN and Lifetime are introducing fashion segments to their programming and in return have increased competition and threatened market share. The growth of The Fashion Channel depends highly on proper market segmentation. The addition ofRead MoreCaroline Le Bon s Fashion Marketing Essay1402 Words   |  6 PagesCaroline Le Bon’s Fashion Marketing and Harriet Posner’s Marketing Fashion, defines fashion marketing and its elements. Fashion marketing and advertising is the process of analyzing, developing and marketing current fashion trends to satisfy consumer needs. Both or the readings discuss the role of marketing in the fashion industry and its differences to marketing other products. Fashion products are often trended items, temporary items based on design color, fabric and pattern. Le Bon and PosnerRead MoreVogue Armenia and Fashion Show Opening Event: Marketing Plan4103 Words   |  17 Pagesâ€Å"Vogue Armenia† and Fashion Show Opening Event Marketing Plan MKT 369 Practicum in Marketing Communications Professor Gail Hamilton Louise Holloway Prepared by: Anahit Grigoryan, Ani Oganesian, Nairi Zovelian April 27, 2012 Table of Contents Executive Summary†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦3 Current Marketing Situation†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦4 SWOT Analysis†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..6 Target Market†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â ‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦6 Positioning and CompetitiveRead MoreMarketing Plan for a New Fashion Brand for Women1157 Words   |  5 PagesMarketing Plan for a new fashion brand The Brand It is a fashion brand created for a modern woman who is open to new ideas, who likes fashion and clothing and looks for something beyond what is available off the peg. The key message associated with the brand is classy, minimalistic, upscale and versatile clothing. Mission of the business is to create timeless style based on outstanding designs using only best quality fabrics and row materials. It’s a casual elegance of the highest order

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Distinguishing Bipolar and Bpd Disorders Free Essays

Distinguishing Bipolar and BPD Disorders Tonjanika Boyd North Carolina Central University Introduction Bipolar and Borderline Personality Disorder are mood and personality disorder respectively, that have had many challenges amongst psychiatrist in differentiation. Not only does the two disorders share several symptoms and associated impairments, there is also continuing debates in the psychiatric literature about whether the two disorders actually represent different conditions (Hatchet, 2010). The following paper compares and contrasts Bipolar and Borderline Personality Disorders and discusses implications of differential diagnosis of the disorders that can lead to long-term effects for the patient due to the fundamentally different treatment each disorder needs. We will write a custom essay sample on Distinguishing Bipolar and Bpd Disorders or any similar topic only for you Order Now Comparison of Bipolar and Borderline Personality Disorder Bipolar Disorder According to the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorder, 4th edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), bipolar is a recurrent mood disorder featuring one or more episodes of mania or mixed episodes of mania and depression (Antai-Otong, 2008). The bipolar disorders include, bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymic, and bipolar NOS disorders. Bipolar I disorder includes one or more manic or mixed episodes, usually with a major depressive episode. Bipolar II disorder includes one or two major depressive episodes and at least one hypomanic episode. Cyclothymic disorder includes at least 2 years of hypomanic periods that do not meet the criteria for the other disorders. Bipolar NOS, does not meet any of the other bipolar criteria. The etiology of Bipolar disorder has been researched and documented for many years and has many theories and perspectives. Causative factors include psychodynamic, existential, cognitive behavioral and developmental and complex biologic and genetic factors (Antai-Otong, 2008). Signs and Symptoms (s/s) of Bipolar disorder varies from the type of episode they patient is experiencing. Major depressive episodes include a depressed mood or lose of interest for at least 2 weeks and five or more of the following: Significant weight loss or gain, insomnia or hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue, worthless feelings or inappropriate guilt, problem concentrating or recurrent thoughts of death. Manic episodes s/s includes, persistent elevated irritable mood of more than one week, increased self-esteem, decreased sleep, increased, increase talk and pressured speech, racing thoughts and ideas, distractibility, extreme goal-directed activity, excessive buying, sex and business investments (Pederson, 2012). In order to have successful treatment of bipolar disorder, a holistic approach is the best therapy. This includes, pharmacologic and psychotherapeutic interventions. Pharmacologic include mood stabilizers, anti-depressants, anti-psychotics and electroconvulsive therapy. There has been a controversy with the use of anti-depressants for treatment due to its effect with mood stabilizers. It is not a mainstay, but is still prescribe when they are not sure if it is unipolar or bipolar, but becomes dangerous when switching from a depressive episode to a manic or hypomanic episode (Antai-Otong, 2011). Electroconvulsive therapy is the last resort if the mood stabilizers and anti-psychotics fail or when an immediate intervention is needed. Psychotherapeutic intervention is mostly where the nursing care is used more frequently. Psychosocial and behavioral intervention, both fall under the umbrella of psychotherapeutic treatment and are important for more positive treatment outcomes. If a patient is in the acute phase, the nurses’ main focuses are safety and maintain a therapeutic milieu that facilitates resolution of symptoms and minimizes complications. The nurse also educated the client and family about medications, treatment options and other psychotherapies (Antai-Otong, 2011). Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) BPD originated in the 1930’s, when it was used to describe patients who were on the â€Å"border† between neuroses and psychosis. It is the most common complex and severely impairing personality disorders. According to DSM-IV, it is a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, affect and marked impulsivity (Swift, 2009). The etiology of BPD includes, genetic predisposition, family history of mood disorders and maybe related to bipolar disorder, physical and sexual abuse. About 2% of the population experiences BPD and mostly female. The symptoms of BPD are maladaptive behavior learnt to make sense of the world and to manage the persistent negative messages received (Eastwick Grant, 2005). Signs and symptoms, consists of patterns of unstable interpersonal relationships, fear of abandonment, splitting (love or hate), impulsiveness in sex, substance abuse, binge eating and reckless driving, suicidal gestures, such as self-mutilation, intense mood changes that last for hours, chronic emptiness, intense anger and transient paranoid ideation (Pedersen, 2012). Managing BPD is challenging and can be emotionally and physically draining for the nurse involved and other members of the healthcare team. The nurse-patient relationship is frequently confrontational due to the patient difficulty with interpersonal relationships and dysfunctional emotional regulation, which results in aggression towards the nurse. Evidence has shown that people experiencing BPD are more likely to harm themselves than others (Swift, 2009). Treatment of BPD requires an integrated psychobiologic approach that includes, pharmacologic and psychotherapeutic interventions. This combination is called psychopharmacologic therapy. There have been many variations of drugs used to treat BPD, due to limited success. There has been limited success in the use of psychotropic medications in clients with borderline personality disorder. Mood stabilizers, anti-depressants and anti-psychotics are only effective in providing relief in the symptoms of difficulty controlling behaviors, impulsivity, self-injurious behaviors and depression (Antai-Otong, 2011). Diagnostic Dilemma of Bipolar and BPD Disorder According to the criteria outlined in the DSM-IV-TR there is a systematic difference between patients with BPD and bipolar disorder. It was found that patients with bipolar II exhibited mood swings that varied between euthymia, elation and depression and mood swings with BPD rotated between euthymia, anger and anxiety. A diagnosis between the two boiled down to how the emotional and behavioral instability exhibited by a client is conceptualized. In other words, a counselor must decide whether the symptoms are best attributed to an acute mood disorder or they are just the latest manifestations of a more chronic problem (Hatchett, 2010). The challenge is not the case of being able to rule out acute episodes of mania, but when assessing the possibility of rapid-cycling bipolar disorder or a mixed episode. The actual definition of rapid cycling is often misunderstood in the mental health community and ruling out mixed episode is even a greater test in distinguishing between bipolar and BPD, due to many patients not having an accurate history of their symptoms. This is important because, according to DSM-IV-TR (2000) â€Å"The individual experiences rapidly alternating moods (sadness, irritability, euphoria) accompanied by symptoms of a Manic Episode†¦and a Major Depressive Episode† (p. 362). It becomes difficult and nearly impossible to distinguish a mixed episode from the chronic anger and dysphoria common to those with BPD. Repercussions for differentiating between the disorders for treatment are evident for counselors who are responsible for creating and implementing treatment plans. Accurate diagnosis is fundamental for effective treatment. A diagnosis of Bipolar disorder is treated with psychoactive medication, whereas for BPD patients, that is not effective as a mainstay of therapy. When BPD is appropriately diagnosed, it encompasses a more holistic approach of intervention strategies, such as dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). Those who consider BPD to be a variant of bipolar disorder contend that treatment should proceed with mood stabilizers and atypical anti-psychotics and those on the other side of the debate recommend an intensive psychotherapy model, such as DBT (Hatchett, 2010). Conclusion Careful consideration to distinguish more accurately the difference between an acute mood disorder and a more chronic and pervasive personality disorder through the diagnostic process is essential. A mood disorder is discerned by distinct episodes of mania, hypomania, or depression that continue for specified periods and a personality disorder is characterized by persistent and rigid patterns of maladaptive behavior and intrapersonal experience that influence areas of functioning. I feel the debate between differential diagnosis of these disorders can at least shift towards a solution by considering an overhaul in the definition and placement of mood and personality disorders in Axis I and II. Through Axis II was developed to encourage clinicians to consider more enduring personality characteristics that may impact treatment, as Fowler et al (2007) pointed out, some Axis I disorders are actually more chronic than many Axis II disorders, which are more likely to remit than is commonly believed. Also, I noticed through my research that maybe there needs to be another type of assessment tool created when assessing patients for mood or personality disorders or specific training on how to distinguish between BPD an bipolar disorder to ensure more accurate diagnosis. For the DSM-V now being drafted, proposals have been made to either eliminate personality disorders altogether or integrate theme into Axis I. In that scenario BDP might be reclassified as a mood or impulse control disorder (Hatchett, 2010). Distinguishing between Bipolar and BPD disorder is significant for the patient, treatment teams, family and mental health community, due to the major difference in the treatment plans for each disorder. Recognizing which disorder the patient has is fundamental in positive outcomes as they progress through the proper comprehensive psychopharmacologic therapy. References American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed. , text rev. ). doi:10. 1176/appi. books. 9780890423349. Antai-Otong, D. (2008). Psychiatric Nursing: Biological and Behavioral Concepts, 2nd ed. , Thomson, Delmar Learning. Hatchett, G. T. (2010). Differential Diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder from Bipolar Disorder: Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32:3, 189-205. Pederson, D. D. (2012). Psych Notes: Clinical Pocket Guide, 3rd ed. , F. A. Davis Co. Philadelphia. Swift, E. (2009). Borderline personality disorder: aetiology, presentation and therapeutic relationship: Mental Health Nursing, 13:3, 22-25. How to cite Distinguishing Bipolar and Bpd Disorders, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Workforce Diversity an Example by

Workforce Diversity Diversity in the workplace involves a complex set of forces which influences the way the organizations operate in the current changing world. A diversified range of trends and issues is usually classified into four aspects which include; people, structure, technology and the environment in which the organization is operating on. People should work together in an organization to achieve their goals and objectives where by a certain structure is followed. Technology is also used to get the job well done; therefore there is interaction between people, structure, technology and the environment in which the organization is working on. Need essay sample on "Workforce Diversity" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed People compose the social system of the organization whereby the system consists of individuals and groups. Groups are usually forceful thus bringing by a great change in the organization. Organizations usually exists to serve people not people to serve the organizations therefore people in an organization bring about a diverse range of talents, educational backgrounds and perspectives in what they do. This diverse trends and patterns brought about by people bring challenges in the organization where the managers should be ready and prepared to adapt and work with them. Structure is the formal setup of relationships in the organization which should be practised by managers and employees. Different jobs are usually carried out in an organization to achieve the objectives of the organization and all the parties involved should be related in a structural way so that they can effectively coordinate the activities of the organization. This structural way of relationship creates a simpler form of decision-making, negotiation and cooperation. (Tsui, Egan and. OReilly, 1992) Workforce diversity is largely attributed to the concept of globalization. Globalization can be termed as the interaction of people from dissimilar cultures, social orders, and different backgrounds in carrying out assorted business practices with the intention of achieving their objectives e.g. profitability Globalization therefore has increasingly disregarded national boundaries and many firms have gone international which has also enabled workforce diversity. The authenticity and existence of the concept of globalization can be observed when patterns of diversity in workforce are considered; for example Coca Cola and BAT Companies have always employed staff from different countries apart from those who originate from the host countries where the firms are set up. The existence of integrated financial system has also enabled workforce diversity since employees of various companies can be paid with less difficulty for example the existence of common exchange rate systems. (Chatman, Polzer, Barsade and Neale, 1998) Globalization is also now intensely clear because of the way human resources migrate from one nation to another devoid of much complexity, for instance different states have relaxed their tough itinerant regulations to permit sufficient time for trading practices to be carried out thus the spread of workforce around the globe. Globalization and workforce diversity is heavily influenced by new innovations, enhanced infrastructure. Workers are now taking advantage of such technology thus the need to shift to look for greener pastures which will assist them in developing their careers since many workers like the working in challenging environments. Therefore globalization has resulted to affluence to all firms practicing the concept and the main component to it has been the presence of workforce diversity that posses different kind of skills which if combined together yield great results in terms of production purposes. More specifically development in technology together with communica tion effectiveness and enhanced global relations has contributed immensely to the endorsement of workforce diversity Diversification in structure has come by where the organizations are forced to restructure so as to reduce costs and at the same time remain competitive. Complexity in structure has also occurred where there are mergers, acquisitions and venturing in to new fields. Also companies are moving from traditional structure to team-based structure. Technology affects the way people work and its diversification allows people to do more and better work but it also restricts people in different ways thus it has its own pros and cons. The rapid change in technology for example the widespread use of internet gives firms a great pressure to maintain a great balance between technical and social systems. Organizations operate in different environments which are both internal and external .An organization doesnt exist alone, it is a part of different mergers which include other organizations, government and the society at large. Numerous diversifications in the environment gives new demands to the organization for example people expect an organization to be socially responsible and also create products which satisfy them. The quick globalization of production departments, supply of materials and marketplaces creates a great pressure which brings vibrant groups of people which affects the organizations in turn. (Weaver, 2001) There are different factors which may make an organization diversify its workforce thus effecting its operations. A company may diversify the workforce as a strategy to market it products. With the high rate of globalization the ability of a product to sell well comes from people in all forms of life and for a company to make sure that it products sell well and reach a diversified number of people, it employs people from all walks of life for special purposes. Another factor which may make a company diversify its workforce is that it may be a legal requirement by the state to do so, so that it can maintain its contracts with the government and also to avoid discrimination in employing their workers. Social responsibility can also make an organization diversify it work force so that the less advantaged in the society can benefit from that by giving them freedom to earn their living in different ways which suit themselves. Workforce diversity has its own negative impacts which include reduction of cohesion within the group, for example men working alone give a less turnover as compared to when they are working together with women, and also whites working alone bring lesser returns as compared to them working with blacks. These problems can be solved by making the employees of an organization realize the importance of diversification. It is important for organizations to embrace the workforce diversity because it creates a good environment where everyone feels appreciated and this may motivate the employees to work well and produce good results. (Argyris and Schoen, 1996) Reference Argyris, C. and Schoen, D. (1996): Organizational Learning II: - Theory Method, and Practice. Reading, Addison-Wesley Chatman, J., Polzer, T., Barsade, G. and Neale, M. (1998): Being Different yet Feeling Similar: - The Influence of Demographic Composition and Organizational Culture on Work Processes and Outcomes. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 43 Tsui, A., Egan, D. and. OReilly, A. (1992): Being Different: - Relational Demography and Organizational Attachment. Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 37 Weaver, V. J. (2001): What These CEOs and Their Companies Know About Diversity. Business Week, Sept 10, 2001, Special Section Workforce Diversity an Example by Workforce Diversity Verizon Wireless recently announced its intentions to establish its international operations particularly in the Asian region and diversify. In this light, the company hired US based marketing experts in response to this goal. The HR department only checked on the marketing skills of the candidates, but not their experiences and capabilities to relate on the various and complicated Asian cultures. Need essay sample on "Workforce Diversity" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed The major problem that the company realized later on, however, was that they lacked the workforce diversity to provide them with choices and relevant information regarding their plans to diversify and function in Asia. As most of their employees they hired were based locally, they had no idea on how to relate to Asian cultures and gain the trust of their potential clients there. The most obvious consequence resulting from the lack of knowledge of the employees of Verizon Wireless was the emergence of quarreling and bickering among their workers as they discussed their expansion plans. Quarreling and bickering scenarios were the most typical forms of misunderstandings that can be seen in among the employees of Verizon as they tackled and discussed about their plans to expand in Asia. Quarreling can be seen among workers in various job positions while bickering can be seen among workers of the same job positions. Truly, the lack of workforce diversity wreaked havoc and became disadvant ageous to Verizon. Another dilemma that Verizon faced concerning this topic was the lack of information that their workers possessed for the appreciation of Asian races and ethnicity. The lack of information regarding Asian races and ethnicities then established a selfish perspective regarding the people of the Asian minority. Sad to say, instead of making initiatives of understanding the Asian races, ethnicities and lovable aspects of the minority communities, the marketing people of Verizon chose to behave inappropriately as an obvious sign of ignorance for these people. For instance, the HR department in Verizon believed that the existence of other cultures in their working environment would illicit bad impacts which could hinder their proper functioning; this was their guideline for the hiring process which eventually proved to be a failure. As a result of this incompetence by the workforce of Verizon Wireless, various Asian expansion deals fell through. This resulted in significant financial losses for the company and dented their reputation as a powerful telecommunications company. The company also fired people who were incompetent on their fields and planned to change their HR policies. Workforce Diversity as the Answer In the case of Verizons planned expansion to Asia, workforce diversity definitely would have helped them secure those Asian deals. Despite the various dilemmas concerning workforce diversity, research studies prove that this is an essential factor of an excellent firm as well as gives positive points. What Verizon should have done was to hire an extremely diverse workforce with regards to Asian race and ethnicity which could have been very helpful as it would have given them a greater roster of highly qualified individuals that would have helped them in their Asian expansion plans. This could have also improved the chances of the company to recruit workers that are capable enough for particular organizational deficits and necessities. In this case, workforce diversity could have supported Verizon in providing a variety of helpful concepts that are critical in making informed choices. Therefore workforce diversity would have widened the companys views and improved its choices for esta blishing Asian expansion deals. Arredondo (1996) identified that the quality of choices is hugely enhanced because of workforce diversity. For organizations like Verizon who wish to function internationally, workforce diversity is an essential element. In the issue of marketability of Verizon, the objectives can be achieved if varied workers will do the marketing initiatives to other Asian societies. Moreover, using varied workers to manage some of the marketing endeavors in the company can aid in the establishment of correct global initiatives. More often than not, diversity in the workforce can aid Verizon in managing the problems of international functions (Rasmussen, 1995). The responsibility of workforce diversity should be emphasized not only due to its advantageous impacts but also due to the fact that it is a valid approach. The variance of cultures is another essential element that could have resulted to workforce diversity advantages for Verizon. In accordance to past studies, this typical phenomenon can be linked to the issue that other people have the possibilities to treat their colleagues in fair manners as opposed to individuals whom they cannot relate with culturally. This phenomenon is a result of numerous elements, including advances to interaction that cause understanding. In the situation of Verizon, the individual marketing capabilities of the marketing people they hired were given too much emphasis, but not on their experiences in working with other cultures. REFERENCES Arredondo, P, 1996. Successful Diversity Management Initiatives: A Blueprint for Planning and Implementation. Sage Publications, Inc Chemers, M, 1995. Diversity in Organizations: New Perspectives for a Changing Workplace. Sage Publications, Inc Morrison, A, 1996. The New Leaders: Leadership Diversity in America. Jossey-Bass; Reprint edition